Preparing vegetable garden, without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers, can be tricky if you’re used to conventional methods.
However, there are some significant rewards, as well. After all, you’ll always know that the food in your organic vegetable garden is safe to eat, that you’re not causing problems with your local environment, and you’ll save some money, too. Organic vegetable gardening is a satisfying, environmentally friendly choice. Here’s a look at a few tips in preparing vegetable garden.
First, you’ll need to take a look at your location. For most gardens, the area where you’ll be planting should be sunny, with well drained soil. Measure out a convenient length and width for your garden, remembering that overly long or wide beds can be tiring to weed or care for. Most people stick to beds no more than thirty inches across, so that you can reach the middle from both sides of the bed.
In preparing vegetable garden, decide if you’d rather garden in a raised bed or a traditional bed. Raising the bed can improve drainage and make gardens much easier to work in, especially for people with mobility issues. However, this does require you to acquire wood or other building materials. Choose bed materials that have not been chemically treated and won’t contaminate your garden soil.
About three weeks before you plant, when the soil is dry enough to be turned, mix compost into the bed. This can come from organic animal manures, such as from an organic dairy farm, as long as the manure isn’t fresh. Many home farmers use organic compost from their chicken coops. You can also use composted plant material. It’s possible to buy or prepare your own organic compost, whether animal or plant. Be sure to mix the compost and soil well.
Be sure to pick vegetables that work well for your region when preparing vegetable garden. Pest and disease resistant varieties will make beginning organic gardening easier. Your local extension service can give your some recommendations. You can also get in touch with other gardeners and find out what they use, check the Internet for information about certain plants, or use seed catalogs to find out which vegetables to grow. Some vegetables, like spinach and peas, should be planted early, while others, like peppers and tomatoes, will need to be planted after the soil has warmed.
Make certain you encourage beneficial insects. Don’t spray pesticides, and plant zinnia, dill, and similar plants to encourage insects that will consume pests. Providing bat and toad habitats can encourage natural pest control, too. Use untreated mulch, and water your garden as needed. Remember, healthy plants are less likely to attract pests. Weed and remove insects by hand whenever possible, and rotate crops yearly to improve the soil and keep insect problems and diseases down. In the end, you’ll be rewarded with a successful organic vegetable garden.